Department of agriculture to help farmers stop the spread of bird flu

Department of agriculture to help farmers stop the spread of bird flu

2017-10-23 22:16

Nation Nyoka

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WATCH: 2 million birds dead from avian flu, egg shortage looms

2017-10-04 04:00

As poultry farms deal with the crippling consequences of the avian influenza outbreak, consumers are warned to prepare themselves for higher prices and dwindling egg stocks. Watch.WATCH

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Johannesburg – A total of 92 locations have tested positive for highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI), also known as bird flu, the Department of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries has confirmed.

The department said in a statement that affected birds are divided into distinct categories, namely, commercial poultry, backyard poultry, ostriches, hobby birds and wild birds. The largest numbers of outbreaks are on commercial farms, with the Western Cape having the highest number of wild bird outbreaks, read a statement.

Limpopo and the Northern Cape have not been affected.

A total of 61 outbreaks have been reported in the Western Cape, 13 in Gauteng, 11 in Mpumalanga, two in the North West, Eastern Cape and the Free State, and one in KwaZulu-Natal.

The first case of HPAI was confirmed in a broiler breeder operation in Mpumalanga in June 2017. Since then a number of other poultry and ostrich operations, as well as wild bird species, hobby birds and backyard chickens have subsequently been infected, read a statement.

“Quarantine, culling and safe disposal of infected chickens and other poultry as soon as possible after detection of infection is the most effective way to eradicate and to stop the spread of disease,” the department said, adding that endangered and rare birds at zoos would be vaccinated and be exempt from culling.

Compensation legislation being drafted

The Provincial Veterinary Services has been tasked with controlling the movement of live commercial chickens in an effort to stop the spread of the disease from one affected property to another.

“A system was introduced to allow for movement of healthy live chickens for purposes other than for slaughter. Provincial Veterinary Services issued health attestations for small-scale farmers and distributors of live chickens and the Poultry Disease Management Agency (PDMA) was authorised by DAFF (Department of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries) to register and keep records of all parties selling and buying live chickens,” read the statement. The department said this was a successful preventative measure for small-scale farmers and backyard breeders.

The department has also worked closely with stakeholders and experts, looking at a vaccination strategy against bird flu as a control measure, but warning of its negative effects on trade.

“[The department] is also working closely with the industry to promote ongoing food security through the importation of fertile broiler hatching eggs, thereby addressing the shortage in the market, while at the same time ensuring that such imports are allowed in a safe manner so as not to jeopardise the health status of our national poultry flock.”

Legislation is currently being drafted with guidelines on compensation of farmers affected by bird flu.

“It is important to note that compensation is at the discretion of the minister and only payable for losses suffered due to the destruction of healthy birds and eggs in an effort to eradicate the disease,” read the statement.

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Voëlgriep nou ook in Oos-Kaap

Landbou / Nuus / Voëlgriep nou ook in Oos-Kaap


Hoenders.

Foto: www.en.wikipedia.org

Voëlgriep nou ook in Oos-Kaap

Deur Carien Kruger
14 September 2017

328 keer gelees

Voëlgriep is nou ook in die Oos-Kaap gevind.

Die hoogs aansteeklike H5N8-voëlgriepvirus is by ʼn lêhenhuis van Sovereign Food Investments gevind.

Die maatskappy sê die betrokke plaas is deel van sy breër Uitenhage-bedrywighede.

Sowat 5 000 hoenders is van kant gemaak, wat sowat 1% van Uitenhage se produksiepyplyn verteenwoordig.

“Sovereign Foods se bestuur doen die gepaste stappe en volg die voorgeskrewe protokols om te keer dat voëlgriep na ander plase versprei.”

Die groep se Hartbeespoort-bedrywighede in Gauteng is nie geraak nie.

http://www.landbou.com/nuus/voelgriep-nou-ook-in-oos-kaap/

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Dubai International Horse Fair 16-18 March 2017

The DIHF has shown its strength in the equestrian field. The event attracted over 150+ exhibitors from 35 countries and 9,538 visitors from 104 countries, including trade, royalty, VIPs and the public.


Held alongside Dubai International Horse Fair is the Dubai International Arabian Horse Championship (DIAHC) – a competition displaying the beauty, agility and heritage of purebred Arabian. The Championship is one of the richest of its kind in the world thanks to the patronage of His Highness Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum, UAE Vice President and Prime Minister and Ruler of Dubai. The Championship attracts the largest gathering of royalty, and enjoys the participation of some of the world’s finest purebred Arabian horses.

Once again HBA Horse Equipment was proud to be an exhibitor at this prestigious event offering the opportunity to market the HBA Range of Equine Feed Supplements formulated by Hassan bin Ali and manufactured under licence  by V-Tech Pty Ltd for export to the UAE.

Click on the link below to watch the video.

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Healthtech Lifestyle Re-launch

Healthtech Lifestyle, a division of V-Tech (Pty) Ltd since 2012 is a well-known product range focused on supplementation for horses, dogs and cats. The product range has been holding its own for 5 years, but has needed a serious revamp. In the beginning of 2016 V-Tech started this process.

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We invested in a design agency to assist with a few concept designs.

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From there, we made use of a survey application, Upinion, and reached out to the end users and veterinarians to get their feedback. What an exciting time that was, and the feedback we received was invaluable. Much was learned about how our consumers purchase products for their animals. With the feedback from the survey we then went on to start the design process of our new look.

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The RnD department at V-Tech has a massive role to play as well, ensuring that only the best ingredients were being used in our product formulations.

Healthtech Lifestyle is incredibly proud to say that we have officially re-launched our new and improved product range for equine and companion animals.

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The new look embodies everything Healthtech Lifestyle stands for. A trusted, professional range that provides only the best for your pets. It is a lifestyle range which includes products from general supplementation to problem specific cases.

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We hope that you love our new look as much as we do. We are very proud to deliver our consumers products that not only look great, but that work as well.

We thank our consumers for their continued support, and we hope that Healthtech Lifestyle will continue to be their range of choice for their pet’s needs.

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  Healthtech Lifestyle Logo

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Fighting a drug war with a difference

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Published in the Financial Mail

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Wildebedryf is raadop oor M99-tekort

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“ ’N MEDISYNEMAATSKAPPY wat daarin spesialiseer om doelgerigte dieremedisyne saam te stel, waarsku dat regulasies wat die invoer van sekere bestanddele in verdowingsmengsels beperk, verreikende gevolge vir die wildbedryf kan inhou.

Mnr. Johan Oosthuyse, uitvoerende hoof van V-Tech in Midrand, sê die regulasies wat in 2013 ingestel is om aan die internasionale vereistes vir die hantering van sekere middels te voldoen, maak dit byna onmoontlik om die bestanddele wat hulle vir doeltreffende verdowingsmengsels nodig het, in te voer.

Oosthuyse meen dit kan ‘n nadelige ekonomiese impak op die hele wildbedryf hê en waarsku dat wildboere en wildvangers uit desperaatheid nou terugkeer na verouderde vangmetodes, soos nette.

Hy sê tot en met 2013 kon veeartse en medisynemaatskappye, soos V-Tech, doelgerigte mengsels maak wat diere doeltreffend on neutraliseer sodat hulle veilig gevang, hanteer en verskuif kon  word.  Dit is volgens hom byna onmoontlik om aan die Department van Gesondheid se medisynebeheerraad (MCC) se bykomende vereistes te voldoen en nou kan maatskappye nie permitte kry om mengsels te vervaardig nie.

 

ETORFIEN

Dr. Peter Obeem, direkteur van Afrivet en adjunkvoorsitter van Wildbedryf SA, bevestig dat die regulasies probleme in die wildbedryf veroorsaak.

Hy verduidelik die plaaslik vervaardigde M99 die voorkeurmiddel vir die neutralisering van wild is. Daar word egter nie genoeg van die produk vervaardig om in die behoefte te voorsien nie en daarom het veeartse hulle tot mengsels gewend wat op woorskrif gemeng word.

Al hierde mengsels maak egter op die selfde aktiewe bestanddeel, etorfien, staat. Dit is ‘n verdowingsmiddel wat 1 000 tot 3 000 keer sterker as morfien is.

Dr. Joey Gouws, registrateur van medisyne by die Medisynebeheerraad, sê die regulasies is genoodsaak deur die hoë risiko’s wat dit vir mens en dier inhou.

“Een klein druppeltjie is genoeg om ‘n mens heeltemal te neutraliseer, net soos ‘n bok wat met ‘n pyl geskiet is. Ons moet ook seker maak dat die middels wat aan veeartse en boere beskrikbaar  gestel word, nie onsuiwerhede bevat wat nadelige gevolge vir die diere kan inhou nie,” verduidelk sy.

 

PANEELKISSIE

Gouws sê dit is belangrik dat boere en veeartse weet wat die newe-effekte van middels is en dat daar duidelikheid is oor hoe om die middel te administreer en te bêre.

“Ons moet byvoorbeeld weet hoe temperatuurskommelings die middel raak. Wat gebeur as dit ‘n dag lank in ‘n warm bakkie se paneelkissie gelê het?”

In die geval van geregistreerde medisyne word al hierdie inligting in die voubiljet vervat. “Die voubiljet is die medium waardeur die medisynebeheerraad met die verbruiker kommunikeer en ons navorsingsresultate en waarskuwing aan hulle oordra.

“Wanneer medisyne op voorskrif vermeng word, word hierdie navorsingsproses omseil.

“Die raad kan dus nie pa staan vir sulke medisyne nie en kan nie die verbruiker beskerm nie,” sê Gouws.

Sy is egter bewus van die wildbedryf se frustrasies en sê die raad is in die proses om streng riglyne vir die vermenging van produkte met etorfien op te stel. Maatskappye sal dan permitte kan kry om mengsels aan die wildbedryf te werskaf” – Jasper Raats

 

Published in Landbouweekblad

http://www.landbou.com/jongste-landbouweekblad/lbw-27-januarie-2017/

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Policy on responsible use of antimicrobials of the World Veterinary Association

VN November 2016-7

VN November 2016-8

VN November 2016-9

VN November 2016-10

VN November 2016-11

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FSA acknowledges significant threat of antimicrobial-resistant E.coli

 

Aaron McDonald · 06 September, 2016

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Following on from a report revealing concerning levels of antibiotic-resistant E.coli found in UK supermarket poultry and pork, the Food Standards Agency (FSA) has said it recognised the “significant threat” it poses to human health.

The agency said that moving forward, it will aim to reduce the use of antimicrobials in animals for food production.

“It’s fantastic the FSA has pledged to work with food businesses and retailers to reduce farm antibiotic use,” said Emma Rose from the Alliance. “With antibiotic resistance predicted to kill one person every three seconds by 2050, the FSA must commit to ending the routine mass-medication of groups of animals. Such practices are putting our health at risk – and should have no place in the supply chains of responsible UK supermarkets.

“Worryingly, and in contrast to the FSA response, the British Retail Consortium (BRC) said yesterday that “Mass treatment of animals is not legally permitted.” However, Rose said this statement was incorrect. “In fact, mass-medication accounts for about 88% of UK farm antibiotic use [Veterinary Medicines Directorate], and is likely to be par-for-the-course within supermarket chains. Upon learning that they are mistaken in their assertion, I expect the BRC to call for a ban on the routine mass-medication of groups of animals immediately.”

Responding to this, the BRC said: “As the Alliance to Save our Antibiotics correctly points out, under current EU legislation this is permitted. However, as members of the Responsible Use of Medicines Alliance (RUMA), retailers do not  support routine preventative use of antibiotics where such disease challenges can be prevented by better husbandry and farm management. RUMA does not support metaphylacis.

“The BRC and its members are involved in a RUMA task force recently established to discuss and determine meaningful targets that can be established to replace, reduce and refine antibiotic use in UK agriculture.”

The Alliance to Save our Antibiotics is now calling on people to write to all the major supermarkets to ask them to stop the routine use of antibiotics in their meat supply chains and to support farmers in making changes to their systems.

“For too long we have permitted the systematic overuse of antibiotics in our livestock systems,” said Zac Goldsmith, MP for Richmond Park and North Kingston. “The recent findings of E.coli resistant to multiple key antibiotics on supermarket meat is yet another sign of the consequences of this complacency.”

The British Veterinary Association (BVA) said that it was working with companion animal owners, livestock farmers and other species stakeholders to promote the responsible use of antibiotics. “Antimicrobials are crucial for the maintenance of animal health and welfare, and there are many innovative and important developments happening in the poultry, pig and other sectors to promote good practice for antibiotic use in animals, and to explore alternative measures,” said a statement from the association. “It is essential that we learn from and share this best-practice across the UK and beyond.

“The reduced and targeted use of antibiotics in animal agriculture is just one piece of the jigsaw when tackling AMR and we need to foster increased collaboration between health sectors – with the veterinary profession committed to playing its part – to ensure positive steps are taken to preserve these essential drugs for future generations.”

 

http://meatinfo.co.uk/news/fullstory.php/aid/20228/FSA_acknowledges_significant_threat_of_antimicrobial-resistant_E.coli.html

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Mcr-1 Gene Isolated from Human for the First Time in Brazil

 

Washington, DC – August 8, 2016 – For the first time in Brazil, a particular antibiotic resistance mechanism conferring resistance to the important antibiotic, colistin, has been detected in a human. It was in a strain of Escherichia coli that was isolated from a diabetic patient’s foot infection. The mechanism, called MCR-1, was incorporated into a plasmid, a short piece of DNA that exists independent of the genome, which can jump from one bacterium to another, spreading the resistance. The research is published ahead of print August 8 in Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy, a journal of the American Society for Microbiology.

In earlier research, these investigators showed that E. coli harboring the mcr-1 gene had been present in food-producing livestock in Brazil since at least 2012. “In spite of this, we had previously recovered no isolates from humans that were positive for mcr-1,” said co-author Nilton Lincopan, PhD, Assistant Professor in the Department of Microbiology, Institute of Biomedical Sciences, Universidade de São Paulo, Brazil.

The research was motivated by the investigators’ desire to track the spread of the resistance gene. They feared it might be spreading into Brazil from abroad, and they worried that it could also spread in the opposite direction. Lincopan noted that Brazil is the most populous country in South America, with more than 200 million inhabitants, many of whom travel abroad. Additionally, Brazil receives large numbers of foreign visitors (most recently for the Olympics). The patient in the study had no history of travel abroad, suggesting that the plasmid was already in Brazil.

Further abetting possible spread, Brazil is a major producer and exporter of chicken meat, and agribusiness there, as in much of the world, commonly uses large quantities of antibiotics, including colistin, to promote growth, said Lincopan.

Prior to this study, the particular mcr-1-harboring plasmids had been identified in E. coli and in Klebsiella pneumoniae in Europe, Asia (China), North America, and in South Africa. “Surprisingly,” the investigators concluded, the plasmids bearing the mcr-1 gene “are highly similar in the plasmid backbone sequences,” despite having been found in different species of bacteria, on different continents, and isolated from different clinical conditions.

“This strongly suggests that the self-transmissible IncX4-type plasmids may be contributing to the intercontinental spread of the mcr-1 gene,” said Lincopan.

The full study can be read online at: http://aac.asm.org/cgi/reprint/AAC.01325-16v1?ijkey=eQCguZ0JHoUdQ&keytype=ref&siteid=asmjournals.

The American Society for Microbiology is the largest single life science society, composed of over 47,000 scientists and health professionals. ASM’s mission is to promote and advance the microbial sciences.

ASM advances the microbial sciences through conferences, publications, certifications and educational opportunities. It enhances laboratory capacity around the globe through training and resources. It provides a network for scientists in academia, industry and clinical settings. Additionally, ASM promotes a deeper understanding of the microbial sciences to diverse audiences.

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Colistin Resistance Gene mcr-1 in Avian-Pathogenic Escherichia coli in South Africa

Colistin Resistance Gene mcr-1 in Avian-Pathogenic Escherichia coli in South Africa

Colistin Resistance Gene mcr-1 in Avian-Pathogenic Escherichia coli in South Africa

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